Brazilian Journal of Pulmonology

ISSN (on-line): 1806-3756 | ISSN (printed): 1806-3713

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Current Issue: 2017 - Volume 43 - Number 4 (July/August)

IMAGES IN PULMONARY MEDICINE

Multislice CT in the diagnosis of bronchopleural fistula

TC multidetectores no diagnóstico de fístula broncopleural

 

Bruno Hochhegger1; Gláucia Zanetti2; Edson Marchiori2

 

1. Santa Casa de Porto Alegre, Porto Alegre (RS) Brasil.
2. Departamento de Radiologia, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro (RJ) Brasil.


 

 

 



A 55-year-old man underwent right upper lobe resection after sustaining a chest injury in an automobile accident. An air leak persisted for 5 days after the surgery. On the fifteenth postoperative day, the patient was referred to our emergency ward due to respiratory difficulty. Examination confirmed that he was experiencing mild respiratory difficulty; RR was 25 breaths/min and HR was 98 bpm. Examination of the respiratory system revealed subcutaneous emphysema and the absence of pulmonary sounds in the right hemithorax. A chest X-ray showed right hydropneumothorax. A multislice CT scan confirmed this finding, and multiplanar reconstruction demonstrated the presence of a bronchopleural fistula in the anterior segment of the right lower lobe (Figure 1). Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery and antibiotics were used in order to manage this lesion.

The persistence of bronchopleural fistulae has been documented to lead to significant morbidity and mortality.(1-3) Prolonged air leakage from these lesions is frequently observed,(1-3) and several procedures have been proposed for the treatment of this complication. Recent innovations include the use of endobronchial valves. Multislice CT may be an important tool for the precise identification of the bronchi responsible for air leakage in cases of bronchopleural fistulae.

REFERENCES

1. El-Sameed Y, Waness A, Al Shamsi I, Mehta AC. Endobronchial valves in the management of broncho-pleural and alveolo-pleural fistulae. Lung. 2012;190(3):347-51. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00408-011-9369-1
2. Alloubi I, Jougon J, Delcambre F, Baste JM, Velly JF. Early complications after pneumonectomy: retrospective study of 168 patients. Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg. 2010;11(2):162-5. https://doi.org/10.1510/icvts.2010.232595
3. ABU-HIJLEH M, BLUNDIN M. EMERGENCY USE OF AN ENDOBRONCHIAL ONE-WAY VALVE IN THE MANAGEMENT OF SEVERE AIR LEAK AND MASSIVE SUBCUTANEOUS EMPHYSEMA. LUNG. 2010;188(3):253-7. HTTPS://DOI.ORG/10.1007/S00408-009-9204-0

 

 


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