Brazilian Journal of Pulmonology

ISSN (on-line): 1806-3756 | ISSN (printed): 1806-3713

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Pulmonary blastoma: treatment through sleeve resection of the right upper lobe

Blastoma pulmonar: tratamento cirúrgico por lobectomia superior direita e broncoplastia

Eduardo Sperb Pilla, Pablo G. Sánchez, Gabriel Ribeiro Madke, Spencer Camargo, José de Jesus Peixoto Camargo

J Bras Pneumol.2006;32(1):75-77

Abstract PDF PT PDF EN Portuguese Text

Pulmonary blastoma is a rare lung tumor that is composed of malignant epithelial and mesenchymal cells. It presents a pattern of rapid growth. Herein, we report the case of a patient with hemoptysis and a mass in the right upper lobe. The patient presented limited pulmonary function, and fiberoptic bronchoscopy revealed invasion of the intermediate bronchus. The patient underwent sleeve resection of right upper lobe, a technique never before described. After 36 months of follow-up, the patient remained asymptomatic. We also review the literature regarding treatment, clinical aspects and pathology.

 


Keywords: Pulmonary blastoma/surgery; Pneumonectomy; Case reports [Publication type]

 


Effects of methylprednisolone on inflammatory activity and oxidative stress in the lungs of brain-dead rats

Efeitos da metilprednisolona na atividade inflamatória e estresse oxidativo nos pulmões de ratoscom morte cerebral

Eduardo Sperb Pilla, Raôni Bins Pereira, Luiz Alberto Forgiarini Junior, Luiz Felipe Forgiarini,Artur de Oliveira Paludo, Jane Maria Ulbrich Kulczynski, Paulo Francisco Guerreiro Cardoso,Cristiano Feijó Andrade

J Bras Pneumol.2013;39(2):173-180

Abstract PDF PT PDF EN Portuguese Text

Objective: To evaluate the effects that early and late systemic administration of methylprednisolone have on lungs in a rat model of brain death. Methods: Twenty-four male Wistar rats were anesthetized and randomly divided into four groups (n = 6 per group): sham-operated (sham); brain death only (BD); brain death plus methylprednisolone (30 mg/kg i.v.) after 5 min (MP5); and brain death plus methylprednisolone (30 mg/kg i.v.) after 60 min (MP60). In the BD, MP5, and MP60 group rats, we induced brain death by inflating a balloon catheter in the extradural space. All of the animals were observed and ventilated for 120 min. We determined hemodynamic and arterial blood gas variables; wet/dry weight ratio; histological score; levels of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS); superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity; and catalase activity. In BAL fluid, we determined differential white cell counts, total protein, and lactate dehydrogenase levels. Myeloperoxidase activity, lipid peroxidation, and TNF-α levels were assessed in lung tissue. Results: No significant differences were found among the groups in terms of hemodynamics, arterial blood gases, wet/dry weight ratio, BAL fluid analysis, or histological score-nor in terms of SOD, myeloperoxidase, and catalase activity. The levels of TBARS were significantly higher in the MP5 and MP60 groups than in the sham and BD groups (p < 0.001). The levels of TNF-α were significantly lower in the MP5 and MP60 groups than in the BD group (p < 0.001). Conclusions:áIn this model of brain death, the early and late administration of methylprednisolone had similar effects on inflammatory activity and lipid peroxidation in lung tissue.

 


Palavras-chave: Ratos; Morte encefálica; Estresse oxidativo; Pulmão; Hidroxicorticosteroides.

 


Experimental pleural empyema in rats: effect of the intrapleural administration of dextran 40 during the fibrinopurulent stage

Empiema pleural experimental em ratos: avaliação dos efeitos do uso intrapleural de dextran-40 na fase fibrinopurulenta

Tulio Tonietto, Eduardo Sperb Pilla, Gabriel Ribeiro Madke, Ubirajara de Lima e Silva, José Carlos Felicetti, José de Jesus Peixoto Camargo, Marisa Ribeiro de Itapema Cardoso, Ricardo Bettiol Nonnig, Paulo Francisco Guerreiro Cardoso

J Bras Pneumol.1999;25(3):-

Abstract PDF PT

Pleural empyema carries high morbidity and mortality rates. Therapy focuses on the control of the infectious process in its initial phase when parenteral antibiotics and chest drainage are likely to be most effective. The ability of dextrans in preventing peritoneal adhesions leads one to test their potential effectiveness in reducing fibrinous proliferation in a rat model of pleural empyema. Twenty-four Wistar rats weighing 250-400 grams were anesthetized, submitted to a right thoracotomy and then randomized into 3 groups (n = 8 each). Animals in group I were given intrapleural dextran 40 (1 ml/kg) + 1 ml/kg of Staphylococcus aureus extract (1010 cells/ml) in heart-brain culture media obtained from oropharyngeal swabs of the animals. Animals in group II received saline solution (1 ml/kg) +1 ml/kg of Staphylococcus aureus extract (1010 cells/ml) in heart-brain culture media. Animals in group III (controls) were given the culture media without bacteria (1 ml/kg) in addition to saline (1 ml/kg). Upon completion, the chest was deaired, the thoracotomy wound was closed, the animals recovered, observed for 4 days, and sacrificed. Only the animals in groups I and II developed pleural effusion and empyema (average volume of 9.7 ml and 8.1 ml respectively, p > 0.05, NS). There was a significant weight loss in groups I and II compared to control animals (p = 0.004). There were no significant differences in blood work-up tests between groups. The pleural fluid of all animals in groups I and II had positive cultures for Staphylococcus aureus. The biochemical analysis of the pleural fluid in animals from groups I and II did not show any significant differences. The authors concluded that in this novel and reliable model of pleural empyema in rats, the intrapleural administration of dextran 40 at time of inoculation of bacteria did not result in any measurable reduction of the pleural reaction after 96 hours of observation.

 


Keywords: Empyema. Pleura. Rat. Dextrans. Staphylococcus.

 


Lobectomy for treating bronchial carcinoma: analysis of comorbidities and their impact on postoperative morbidity and mortality

Lobectomia por carcinoma brônquico: análise das co-morbidades e seu impacto na morbimortalidade pós-operatória

Pablo Gerardo Sánchez, Giovani Schirmer Vendrame, Gabriel Ribeiro Madke, Eduardo Sperb Pilla, José de Jesus Peixoto Camargo, Cristiano Feijó Andrade, José Carlos Felicetti, Paulo Francisco Guerreiro Cardoso

J Bras Pneumol.2006;32(6):495-504

Abstract PDF PT PDF EN Portuguese Text

Objective: To analyze the impact that comorbidities have on the postoperative outcomes in patients submitted to lobectomy for the treatment of bronchial carcinoma. Methods: A retrospective study of 493 patients submitted to lobectomy for the treatment of bronchial carcinoma was conducted, and 305 of those patients met the criteria for inclusion in the final study sample. The surgical technique used was similar in all cases. The Torrington-Henderson scale and the Charlson scale were used to analyze comorbidities and to categorize patients into groups based on degree of risk for postoperative complications or death. Results: The postoperative (30-day) mortality rate was 2.9%, and the postoperative complications index was 44%. Prolonged air leakage was the most common complication (in 20.6%). The univariate analysis revealed that gender, age, smoking, neoadjuvant therapy and diabetes all had a significant impact on the incidence of complications. The factors found to be predictive of complications were body mass index (23.8 ± 4.4), forced expiratory volume in one second (74.1 ± 24%) and the ratio between forced expiratory volume in one second and forced vital capacity (0.65 ± 0.1). The scales employed proved efficacious in the identification of the risk groups, as well as in drawing correlations with morbidity and mortality (p = 0.001 and p < 0.001). In the multivariate analysis, body mass index and the Charlson index were found to be the principal determinants of complications. In addition, prolonged air leakage was found to be the principal factor involved in mortality (p = 0.01). Conclusion: Reductions in forced expiratory volume in one second, in the ratio between forced expiratory volume in one second and forced vital capacity, and in body mass index, as well as a Charlson score of 3 or 4 and a Torrington-Henderson score of 3, were associated with a greater number of postoperative complications in patients submitted to lobectomy for the treatment of bronchial carcinoma. Air leakage was found to be strongly associated with mortality.

 


Keywords: Lung neoplasms/surgery; Postoperative complications; Pneumonectomy; Morbidity

 


Antegrade versus retrograde lung perfusion in pulmonary preservation for transplantation in a canine model of post-mortem lung viability

Perfusão pulmonar anterógrada "versus" retrógrada na preservação pulmonar para transplante em modelo canino de viabilidade pulmonar pós-morte

Jean Carlo Kohmann, Ubirajara Lima e Silva, Gabriel Madke, Eduardo Sperb Pilla, José Carlos Felicetti, José de Jesus Peixoto Camargo, Paulo Ivo Homem de Bittencourt, Paulo Francisco Guerreiro Cardoso

J Bras Pneumol.1999;25(2):78-83

Abstract PDF PT

Lung retrieval following cardio-circulatory arrest has been studied experimentally, however severe ischemia/reperfusion injury requires improved methods of graft preservation. Allograft perfusion with crystalloid solution delivered via pulmonary artery (antegrade perfusion) remains the standard procedure, however it does not provide adequate washout of the blood retained within the bronchial circulation which may trigger reperfusion injury. This has led the authors to test the impact of antegrade versus retrograde (via left atrium) perfusion of lung grafts submitted to 3 hours of warm ischemia after cardio-circulatory arrest in a dog model of left lung allotransplantation. Twelve donor dogs were sacrificed with thiopental sodium and kept under mechanical ventilation at room temperature for 3 hours. They were randomized and the heart-lung blocks harvested after being perfused in a retrograde (group I, n = 6) or antegrade (group II, n = 6) fashion with modified Euro-Collins solution. Twelve recipient animals were submitted to a left lung transplant receiving the grafts from both groups and the assessment was performed during 6 hours. Hemodynamic parameters were similar for animals in both groups. The gas exchange (arterial PaO2 and PaCO2) in recipients of group I (retrograde perfusion) was significantly better when compared to recipients of grafts perfused via pulmonary artery. Intracellular ATP did not show difference between the groups, however there was a measurable drop in its values when samples obtained upon extraction were compared to those measured after reperfusion and at the end of the assessment. The authors concluded that retrograde perfusion yields better pulmonary function after 6 hours of reperfusion in this animal model of left lung allotransplantation following 3 hours of normothermic ischemia under mechanical ventilation.

 


Keywords: Lung. Ischemia. Preservation. Retrograde perfusion. ATP.

 


Ischemic preconditioning by selective occlusion of the pulmonary artery in rats

Pré-condicionamento isquêmico por oclusão seletiva da artéria pulmonar em ratos

Eduardo Sperb Pilla, Giovani Schirmer Vendrame, Pablo Gerardo Sánchez, Gustavo Grun, Eduardo Fontena, Luiz Alberto Forgiarini Júnior, Norma Anair Possa Marroni, Cristiano Feijó Andrade, Paulo Francisco Guerreiro Cardoso

J Bras Pneumol.2008;34(8):583-589

Abstract PDF PT PDF EN Portuguese Text

Objective: To evaluate the effect of lung ischemic preconditioning (IPC) on normothermic ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in a rat model, quantifying the production of reactive oxygen species. Methods: Forty-seven male Wistar rats were randomized into four groups: control, sham, I/R and IPC. Control group animals were anesthetized and killed by decapitation, after which pneumonectomy was performed and the left lungs were stored in liquid nitrogen. Sham, IPC and I/R group rats were anesthetized, tracheostomized, ventilated, anticoagulated and submitted to left thoracotomy with dissection of the left pulmonary artery for clamping. Sham group rats underwent dissection of the left pulmonary artery, I/R group rats underwent 30 min of total hilar clamping, and IPC group rats underwent 5-min clamping of the left pulmonary artery followed by 30 min of total hilar clamping. Lungs were reperfused for 90 min and ventilated with the same parameters, with additional positive end-expiratory pressure of 1 cmH2O. Hemodynamic and blood gas values were obtained prior to thoracotomy, prior to total hilar clamping, after 30 min of reperfusion and after 90 min of reperfusion. Lipid peroxidation was determined by measuring levels of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances. Results: There were no significant differences among the groups in terms of the levels of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances. Nor were there any significant differences among the sham, I/R and IPC groups in terms of arterial oxygen tension, arterial carbon dioxide tension or hemodynamic values. Conclusions: In an in situ I/R rat model, 5-min IPC of the left pulmonary artery does not attenuate I/R injury.

 


Keywords: Ischemia; Reperfusion; Organ preservation; Reactive oxygen species.

 


Endobronchial inflammatory pseudotumor: a case report

Pseudotumor inflamatório endobrônquico: relato de caso

Pablo Gerardo Sanchez, Gabriel Ribeiro Madke, Eduardo Sperb Pilla, Rafael Foergnes, José Carlos Felicetti, Enio do Valle, Geraldo Geyer

J Bras Pneumol.2007;33(4):484-486

Abstract PDF PT PDF EN Portuguese Text

Inflammatory pseudotumor of the lung is a rare form of benign neoplasia and is generally characterized by a solitary pulmonary nodule. The endobronchial presentation is uncommon. Conservative surgery remains the treatment of choice, and surgeons should always strive to achieve tumor-free margins due to the possibility of local recidivism. This article reports the case of a 36-year-old male patient with recurrent attacks of wheezing and cough. The patient underwent successful bronchoplasty for the resection of an endobronchial inflammatory pseudotumor.

 


Keywords: Granuloma, plasma cell; Coin lesion, pulmonary; Surgery.

 


 

 


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