Brazilian Journal of Pulmonology

ISSN (on-line): 1806-3756 | ISSN (printed): 1806-3713

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Morphological aspects as prognostic factors in malignant mesothelioma: a study of 58 cases

Marcadores morfológicos de prognóstico no mesotelioma maligno: um estudo de 58 casos

Alexandre Bottrel Motta, Germânia Pinheiro, Leila Antonângelo, Edwin Roger Parra, Maria Margarida Monteiro, José Carlos das Neves Pereira, Tereza Takagaki, Mario Terra Filho, Sandro Martins, Vera Luiza Capelozzi

J Bras Pneumol.2006;32(4):322-332

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Objective: Various markers have shown promise as diagnostic markers and prognostic predictors in malignant mesothelioma (MM). Methods: Through morphometric and immunological studies of markers in stromal components (calretinin, CEA, Leu-M1 and thrombomodulin) and nuclear components (p53 and Ki-67), we evaluated post-diagnosis survival in 58 patients with MM. Results: The histologic pattern of the MM was typical in 50 cases and atypical in 8. Through immunohistochemistry, we confirmed 40 cases of mesothelioma and 11 cases of adenocarcinoma, although we were unable to classify 7 of the 8 cases presenting atypical histologic patterns. Cox multivariate analysis revealed that the risk factor for death was higher (476.2) among patients of advanced age, presenting the biphasic subtype and testing positive for components expressed at the nuclear level. Conclusion: The most useful immunohistochemical markers were was calretinin (for mesothelioma) and CEA (for adenocarcinoma). Immunohistochemical quantification of thrombomodulin facilitated the diagnosis of mesothelioma in patients testing positive for both calretinin and CEA. The most useful prognostic information was that provided by the routine histopathological analysis of the tumor type. It is of note that the combination of a mean age of 55 years and 30.5% immunohistochemical markers in nuclear components created a natural dividing point between patients in which survival was shorter than expected and those in which it was longer than expected. Therefore, histopathological analysis offers a powerful weapon with great potential to inform decisions regarding the use of adjuvant chemotherapy after surgical excision of a mesothelioma.

 


Keywords: Pleural neoplasms; Mesothelioma; Tumor markers, Biological; Carcinoembryonic antigen; Prognosis.

 


 

 


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