Brazilian Journal of Pulmonology

ISSN (on-line): 1806-3756 | ISSN (printed): 1806-3713

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Impact of long-term treatment with inhaled corticosteroids and bronchodilators on lung function in a patient with post-infectious bronchiolitis obliterans

Impacto do tratamento de longo prazo com corticosteroides e broncodilatadores inalatórios na função pulmonar em um paciente com bronquiolite obliterante pós-infecciosa

Cecilia Calabrese1, Nadia Corcione1, Gaetano Rea2, Francesco Stefanelli3, Ilernando Meoli3, Alessandro Vatrella4

J Bras Pneumol.2016;42(3):228-231

Abstract PDF PT PDF EN Portuguese Text

Post-infectious bronchiolitis obliterans (PIBO) is a small airways disease characterized by fixed airflow limitation. Therefore, inhaled bronchodilators and corticosteroids are not recommended as maintenance therapy options. The management of PIBO currently consists only of close monitoring of affected patients, aimed at the prevention and early treatment of pulmonary infections. In recent years, there has been an increase in the incidence of PIBO in the pediatric population. Patients with PIBO are characterized by a progressive decline in lung function, accompanied by a decrease in overall functional capacity. Here, we report the case of a relatively young man diagnosed with PIBO and followed for three years. After short- and long-term therapy with an inhaled corticosteroid/long-acting β2 agonist combination, together with an inhaled long-acting antimuscarinic, the patient showed relevant improvement of airway obstruction that had been irreversible at the time of the bronchodilator test. The lung function of the patient worsened when he interrupted the triple inhaled therapy. In addition, a 3-week pulmonary rehabilitation program markedly improved his physical performance.

 


Keywords: Bronchiolitis obliterans/therapy; Infection/complications; Adrenergic beta-2 receptor antagonists/therapeutic use; Administration, inhalation; Anti-inflammatory agents/therapeutic use; Muscarinic antagonists/therapeutic use; Lung diseases/rehabilitation.

 


 

 


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