Brazilian Journal of Pulmonology

ISSN (on-line): 1806-3756 | ISSN (printed): 1806-3713

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Descriptive study of the frequency of nontuberculous mycobacteria in the Baixada Santista region of the state of São Paulo, Brazil

Estudo descritivo da freqüência de micobactérias não tuberculosas na Baixada Santista

Liliana Aparecida Zamarioli, Andréa Gobetti Vieira Coelho, Clemira Martins Pereira, Ana Carolina Chiou Nascimento, Suely Yoko Mizuka Ueki, Erica Chimara

J Bras Pneumol.2008;34(8):590-594

Abstract PDF PT PDF EN Portuguese Text

Objective: The present study aims at describing the frequency of nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) species identified through laboratory testing of samples collected from non-sterile sites (sputum), as well as its frequency in HIV-infected and non-HIV-infected individuals in the Baixada Santista region of the state of São Paulo, Brazil, in the period from 2000 to 2005. Methods: Retrospective analysis of sputum smear microscopy results and culture was conducted based on the records on file at the Instituto Adolfo Lutz-Santos, the regional tuberculosis laboratory. Results: We analyzed 194 NTM strains isolated from 125 individuals, of whom 73 (58.4%) were HIV-negative and 52 (41.6%) were HIV-positive. Thirteen different species were identified: Mycobacterium kansasii; M. avium complex; M. fortuitum; M. peregrinum; M. gordonae; M. terrae; M. nonchromogenicum; M. intracellulare; M. flavescens; M. bohemicum; M. chelonae; M. shimoidei; and M. lentiflavum. In 19.2% of the cases, the bacteriological diagnosis was confirmed by isolation of the same species in at least two consecutive samples. Conclusions: Our results show the importance of including systematic identification of NTM in the laboratory routine, and that its integration into the clinical routine could improve the characterization of the disease, thereby informing the planning of effective control measures in specific populations, such as individuals presenting tuberculosis/HIV co-infection.

 


Keywords: Mycobacteria, atypical; Laboratory techniques and procedures; HIV; Tuberculosis.

 


Nontuberculous mycobacteria isolated in São José do Rio Preto, Brazil between 1996 and 2005

Isolamento de micobactérias não-tuberculosas em São José do Rio Preto entre 1996 e 2005

Heloisa da Silveira Paro Pedro, Maria Izabel Ferreira Pereira, Maria do Rosário Assad Goloni, Suely Yoko Mizuka Ueki, Erica Chimara

J Bras Pneumol.2008;34(11):950-955

Abstract PDF PT PDF EN Portuguese Text

Objective: To study the incidence of nontuberculous mycobacteria and the range of species isolated between 1996 and 2005 at a regional branch of the Adolfo Lutz Institute-located in the city of São José do Rio Preto, Brazil-and to show the importance of laboratory testing. Methods: Mycobacteria were isolated from pulmonary and extrapulmonary specimens and identified through phenotyping and molecular methods (polymerase chain reaction-restriction enzyme analysis). Results: We isolated 317 nontuberculous mycobacterium strains: ­Mycobacterium avium complex, 182 (57.4%); M. gordonae, 33 (10.4%); M. fortuitum, 25 (7.9%); M. chelonae, 8 (2.5%); M. terrae complex, 8 (2.5%); M. kansasii, 7 (2.2%); and less frequent species, 54 (17%). During this period, 72 cases (33.3%) were characterized as mycobacteriosis, according to bacteriological criteria established by the American Thoracic Society in 2007. Of those 72 cases, 56 were attributed to M. avium complex. Of those 56, 29 (51.8%) were characterized as disseminated disease. Six cases were attributed to M. fortuitum, 3 to M. gordonae, 2 to M. chelonae, 1 to M. abscessus, 1 to M. kansasii, 1 to M. intracellulare, 1 to M. malmoense and 1 to ­Mycobacterium ssp. Conclusions: These results show the importance of the bacteriological diagnosis, since identification of the species enables early and appropriate treatment.

 


Keywords: Mycobacteria, atypical/isolation & purification; Mycobacteria, atypical/classification; Diagnostic techniques and procedures.

 


 

 


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