Brazilian Journal of Pulmonology

ISSN (on-line): 1806-3756 | ISSN (printed): 1806-3713

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The impact of anti-smoking laws on high school students in Ankara, Turkey

O impacto das leis antifumo em alunos do ensino médio em Ancara, Turquia

Melike Demir1, Gulistan Karadeniz2, Fikri Demir3, Cem Karadeniz4, Halide Kaya1, Derya Yenibertiz5, Mahsuk Taylan1, Sureyya Yilmaz1, Velat Sen3

J Bras Pneumol.2015;41(6):523-529

Abstract PDF PT PDF EN Portuguese Text

Objective: To determine the factors affecting the smoking habits of high school students, their thoughts about changes resulting from anti-smoking laws, and how they are affected by those laws. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 11th-grade students at eight high schools in Ankara, Turkey, were invited to complete a questionnaire. Results: A total of 1,199 students completed the questionnaire satisfactorily. The mean age of the respondents was 17.0 ± 0.6 years; 56.1% were female, of whom 15.3% were smokers; and 43.9% were male, of whom 43.7% were smokers (p < 0.001). The independent risk factors for smoking were male gender, attending a vocational school, having a sibling who smokes, having a friend who smokes, and poor academic performance. Of the respondents, 74.7% were aware of the content of anti-smoking laws; 81.8% approved of the restrictions and fines; and 8.1% had quit smoking because of those laws. According to the respondents, the interventions that were most effective were the (television) broadcast of films about the hazards of smoking and the ban on cigarette sales to minors. The prevalence of smoking was highest (31.5%) among students attending vocational high schools but lowest (7.5%) among those attending medical vocational high schools. Although 57.1% of the smokers were aware of the existence of a smoking cessation helpline, only 3.7% had called, none of whom had made any attempt to quit smoking. Conclusions: Although most of the students evaluated were aware of the harmful effects of smoking and approved of the anti-smoking laws, only a minority of those who smoked sought professional help to quit.

 


Keywords: Smoking/prevention & control; Smoking/trends; Smoking/psychology; Students/statistics & numerical data; Adolescent; Young Adult.

 


Urine in the pleural cavity: an unexpected finding

Urina em cavidade pleural: um achado inesperado

Melike Demir, Gülistan Karadeniz, Ebru Uz

J Bras Pneumol.2012;38(5):679-680

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