Brazilian Journal of Pulmonology

ISSN (on-line): 1806-3756 | ISSN (printed): 1806-3713

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Noncompliance with tuberculosis treatment involving self administration of treatment or the directly observed therapy, short-course strategy in a tuberculosis control program in the city of Carapicuíba, Brazil

Abandono do tratamento de tuberculose utilizando-se as estratégias tratamento auto-administrado ou tratamento supervisionado no Programa Municipal de Carapicuíba, São Paulo, Brasil

Amadeu Antonio Vieira, Sandra Aparecida Ribeiro

J Bras Pneumol.2008;34(3):159-166

Abstract PDF PT PDF EN Portuguese Text

Objective: To determine treatment noncompliance rates among patients participating in a municipal tuberculosis control program and to identify the variables related to noncompliance depending on the type of treatment strategy used. Methods: A longitudinal non-concurrent cohort study was carried out involving two cohorts of patients participating in the Tuberculosis Control Program of the city of Carapicuíba, Brazil. The first cohort comprised 173 patients with tuberculosis treated from January 1, 2003 to December 31, 2003 using self administration of treatment, and the second comprised 187 patients with tuberculosis treated from July 1, 2004 to June 30, 2005 using the directly observed therapy, short-course strategy. Results: Noncompliance rates decreased from 13.3% (self administration of treatment) to 5.9% (directly observed therapy, short-course), a significant difference (p < 0.05). For the self administration of treatment strategy, the variables significantly associated with treatment noncompliance were as follows: being an unregistered worker (relative risk [RR] = 3.06); retreatment (RR = 2.73); alcoholism (RR = 3.10); and no investigation of contacts (RR = 8.94). For the directly observed therapy, short-course strategy, no variables were significantly associated with noncompliance. Conclusion: The directly observed therapy, short-course strategy decreased noncompliance rates and produced better treatment outcomes, even when the risk factors for noncompliance were the same.

 


Keywords: Tuberculosis; Self administration; Directly observed therapy; Treatment refusal.

 


Compliance with tuberculosis treatment after the implementation of the directly observed treatment, short-course strategy in the city of Carapicuíba, Brazil

Adesão ao tratamento da tuberculose após a instituição da estratégia de tratamento supervisionado no município de Carapicuíba, Grande São Paulo

Amadeu Antonio Vieira, Sandra Aparecida Ribeiro

J Bras Pneumol.2011;37(2):223-231

Abstract PDF PT PDF EN Portuguese Text

Objective: To determine the compliance with tuberculosis treatment among patients enrolled the tuberculosis control program in the city of Carapicuíba, Brazil, before and after the implementation of the directly observed treatment, short-course (DOTS) strategy. Methods: A retrospective historical cohort study of operational aspects based on records of attendance and treatment evolution of patients in self-administered treatment (SAT) and of those submitted to DOTS. Monthly treatment outcome tables were created, and the probability of compliance with the treatment was calculated for both groups of patients. Results: A total of 360 patients with tuberculosis met the inclusion criteria: 173 (48.1%) in the SAT group; and 187 (51.9%) in the DOTS group. Treatment compliance was 6.1% higher in the DOTS group than in the SAT group. The proportion of patients completing the six months of treatment was 91.6% and 85.5% in the DOTS group and in the SAT group, respectively. Conclusions: The results of this study show that DOTS can be successfully implemented at primary health care clinics. In this population of patients, residents of a city with low incomes and a high burden of tuberculosis infection, DOTS was more effective than was SAT.

 


Keywords: Tuberculosis; Mycobacterium tuberculosis; Treatment outcome; Medication adherence.

 


Outcomes of tuberculosis treatment among inpatients and outpatients in the city of São Paulo, Brazil

Desfechos de tratamento de tuberculose em pacientes hospitalizados e não hospitalizados no município de São Paulo

Mirtes Cristina Telles Perrechi, Sandra Aparecida Ribeiro

J Bras Pneumol.2011;37(6):783-790

Abstract PDF PT PDF EN Portuguese Text

Objective: To compare inpatient and outpatient treatment of tuberculosis, in terms of outcomes, in the city of São Paulo, Brazil, as well to determine which variables are most frequently associated with hospitalization. Methods: A prospective, longitudinal study carried out between January and December of 2007, at two large hospitals and at outpatient clinics, in two regions of the city of São Paulo. For inpatients, data were collected with a structured questionnaire. Additional data were obtained from the São Paulo State Department of Health Tuberculosis Database. Results: Of the 474 patients included in the study, 166 were inpatients, and 308 were outpatients. The multivariate analysis showed that hospitalization for tuberculosis was associated with hospital/emergency room diagnosis of tuberculosis (OR = 55.42), with HIV co-infection (OR = 18.57), with retreatment (OR = 18.51), and with having previously sought treatment at another health care facility (OR = 12.32). For the inpatient and outpatient groups, the overall cure rates were 41.6% and 78.3%, respectively, compared with 30.4% and 58.5% for those who were co-infected with HIV, whereas the overall mortality rates were 29.5% and 2.6%, respectively, compared with 45.7% and 9.8% for those who were co-infected with HIV. Conclusions: Among inpatients, tuberculosis appears to be more severe and more difficult to diagnose, resulting in lower cure rates and higher mortality rates, than among outpatients. In addition, tuberculosis patients co-infected with HIV have less favorable outcomes.

 


Keywords: Tuberculosis; Hospitalization; Primary health care; Treatment outcome.

 


Factors associated with death by tuberculosis in the eastern part of São Paulo city, 2001

Fatores associados ao óbito por tuberculose na zona leste da cidade de São Paulo, 2001

Monica Hid Haddad Pelaquin, Rebeca Souza e Silva, Sandra Aparecida Ribeiro

J Bras Pneumol.2007;33(3):311-317

Abstract PDF PT PDF EN Portuguese Text

Objective: To identify factors associated with death from TB, evaluating TB cases reported for 2001 in the city of São Paulo (specifically in the neighborhoods of Cidade Tiradentes, Guaianazes, Itaquera and São Mateus) and comparing those evolving to death with those evolving to cure. Methods: We investigated all deaths in which TB was given as the principal cause (n = 48), analyzing medical charts and conducting home visits to interview the caregiver(s). In parallel, we investigated 96 TB cases in which the patient had been discharged after a cure had been achieved. Patients with HIV were excluded from both groups. Results: There were no differences between the two groups in terms of the clinical form of tuberculosis, laboratory test confirmation of the diagnosis and type of treatment. Death from TB was found to be associated, in a statistically significant manner, with being male, being over 50 years of age, having had less than 3 years of schooling, suffering from alcoholism and being unemployed. The logistic regression showed that the variables presenting the strongest associations with death from TB were suffering from alcoholism and being over 50, whereas being a new treatment and being employed were found to be protective. The combination of suffering from alcoholism, being unemployed and being over 50 increased the chance of evolving to death by 25 times (95%CI: 6.43-97.20). Conclusion: Ongoing education of health professionals, prompt epidemiological interventions and efficient patient referral systems could improve the indices related to this disease.

 


Keywords: Tuberculosis/mortality; Epidemiologic studies; Death certificates.

 


Hospitalization due to tuberculosis at a university hospital

Hospitalização por tuberculose em hospital universitário

Sandra Aparecida Ribeiro, Thaís Nemoto Matsui

J Bras Pneumol.2003;29(1):9-14

Abstract PDF PT

Patients with active tuberculosis (Tb) can be admitted to hospital due to other health problems, Tb not being the admission diagnosis. In this study, the authors analyzed 141 inpatients with Tb, notified to the São Paulo Hospital Central Control of Infectious Diseases, during the period of august, 1999 to April, 2001, trying to identify causes of admission, risk factors, and duration of hospitalization. Of the total number of patients, 63% were male and 37% female, mean age being 38 years-old. 28% were smokers, 23% were alcoholics, and 17% were drug addicts. 23% of them reported previous Tb. 42% were HIV positive. 54.6% of the patients presented pulmonary tuberculosis and 67.5% of them had positive sputum. 22% of the patients had side effects to Tb treatment during hospitalization, drug-induced hepatitis (65.7%) and gastric intolerance (25.7%) being the most frequent. 8.5% of the patients required intensive care, staying there for 11 days, and 54% of the patients stayed at an infirmary with respiratory isolation. 17.7% of the patients died in hospital and 52% due to Tb. The patients were hospitalized for 29 days and isolated for 18 days. Drug addicts and smokers patients had longer hospital stays. HIV positive patients who had positive sputum had the same hospitalization period as others.

 



Severe acute respiratory syndrome caused by the influenza A (H1N1) virus

Síndrome respiratória aguda grave causada por influenza A (subtipo H1N1)

Sandra Aparecida Ribeiro, Graziela Sgreccia Brasileiro, Luciana Novaes Campello Soleiman, Cristiano Cruz Silva, Cláudio Shoki Kavaguti

J Bras Pneumol.2010;36(3):-

Abstract PDF PT PDF EN Portuguese Text

In view of the pandemic caused by a new virus, influenza A (H1N1), we report the case of a 56-year-old patient without relevant risk factors and with severe acute respiratory syndrome resulting from infection with this virus. We present the results of laboratory tests and the imaging findings (chest X-ray and CT scans). The evolution was favorable, and the patient was discharged after 14 days.

 


Keywords: Influenza A virus, H1N1 subtype; Severe acute respiratory syndrome; Patient care.

 


Tratamento compulsório da tuberculose: avanço ou retrocesso?

Sandra Aparecida Ribeiro

J Bras Pneumol.2003;29(1):50-52

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Tuberculosis treatment: integration between hospitals and public health care clinics in the city of São Paulo, Brazil

Tratamento de tuberculose: integração entre assistência hospitalar e rede básica na cidade de São Paulo

Mirtes Cristina Telles Perrechi, Sandra Aparecida Ribeiro

J Bras Pneumol.2009;35(11):1100-1106

Abstract PDF PT PDF EN Portuguese Text

Objective: To evaluate the level of access to health care clinics of a population of patients hospitalized for tuberculosis (TB) at two hospitals in the city of São Paulo, Brazil, comparing them with a population of TB patients under outpatient treatment only. Methods: We compiled sociodemographic, clinical and epidemiological data related to patients hospitalized for TB at two hospitals in the city of São Paulo, Brazil, between January and December of 2007, using a structured questionnaire. We also identified the outpatient clinics to which the patients were referred at discharge. The same variables were evaluated for TB outpatients during the same period, using a database. Results: The study sample consisted of 474 patients (166 inpatients and 308 outpatients: mean age, 41.0 and 39.1 years, respectively). The univariate analysis showed positive associations between hospitalization due to TB and the following variables: 30-39 year age bracket (OR = 2.17); 50-59 year age bracket (OR = 2.17); combination of pulmonary and extrapulmonary forms of TB (OR = 5.31); TB re-treatment (OR = 2.66); seeking treatment at other health care facilities prior to the diagnosis of TB (OR = 2.05); symptom duration of more than 12 weeks (OR = 2.23); and TB diagnosed at hospitals or in emergency rooms (OR = 4.68). The proportion of inpatients who resided in the same regional health district area as that in which the respective hospital was located was 77.6% and 36.8%. The proportion of discharged patients who were referred to outpatient clinics in the same areas was 67.1% and 39.7%, respectively. Conclusions: Patients hospitalized for TB should be monitored from discharge until their admission to the outpatient clinic.

 


Keywords: Tuberculosis; Health services accessibility; Inpatients; Outpatients.

 


Variables related to smoking initiation among students in public and private high schools in the city of Belém, Brazil

Variáveis relacionadas à iniciação do tabagismo entre estudantes do ensino médio de escola pública e particular na cidade de Belém - PA

Denise da Silva Pinto, Sandra Aparecida Ribeiro

J Bras Pneumol.2007;33(5):558-564

Abstract PDF PT PDF EN Portuguese Text

Objetive: To analyze the variables related to smoking initiation among adolescent students in two high schools (one public and one private) in the city of Belém, Brazil, in 2005. Methods: An anonymous self-report questionnaire - comprising 27 closed questions regarding smoking experimentation, smoking habit, access to buying cigarettes, reasons for smoking experimentation, self-perception regarding academic performance, conversations about smoking with the family, and socioeconomic level - was used for data collection. The study comprised 1520 students: 724 (47.6%) from the private school and 796 (52.4%) from the public school. Results: Mean age of participants was 16.5 years. Of the 1520 students evaluated, 669 (44%) reported experimenting with smoking, and 11% smoked regularly. In the public school and the private school, respectively, 51.2% and 36.7% of the participants had experimented with smoking (p = 0); 14.6% and 7%, respectively, were regular smokers (p = 0). We found that, in both schools, the following factors were associated with smoking initiation and current smoking: curiosity, presence of smokers as social contacts, not being praised for not smoking, and perceiving oneself as having poor or mediocre academic performance. Socioeconomic level was found to be associated with experimentation and current smoking only among experimenters of higher socioeconomic classes (A and B) in the private school. Conclusions: Among the students evaluated, the variable most closely associated with smoking was curiosity. Experimentation and regular tobacco use were more common in the public school than in the private school.

 


Keywords: Smoking; Epidemiologic factors; Students.

 


 

 


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