Brazilian Journal of Pulmonology

ISSN (on-line): 1806-3756 | ISSN (printed): 1806-3713

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Cellular composition of induced sputum in healthy adults

Composição celular do escarro induzido em adultos saudáveis

Tiago Neves Veras, Emilio Pizzichini, Leila John Marques Steidle, Cristiane Cinara Rocha, Pablo Moritz, Márcia Margarete Menezes Pizzichini

J Bras Pneumol.2011;37(3):348-353

Abstract PDF PT PDF EN Portuguese Text

Objective: To establish reference values for cellularity in induced sputum samples collected from healthy adults. Methods: Induced sputum samples were obtained from 88 healthy adult never-smokers (39 males). The mean age was 36 years (range, 18-68 years). The participants had been residing in the city of Florianópolis, Brazil (a medium-sized non-industrial city) for at least two years. After the samples had been processed, we obtained total and differential cell counts. Results: The mean total cell count was 4.8 ± 4.2 × 106 cells/g. There was a predominance of macrophages (mean, 77.5 ± 14.7%) and neutrophils (mean, 23.4 ± 14.3%). Eosinophils were virtually absent (mean, 0.1 ± 0.3%). Lymphocytes and bronchial epithelial cells were scarce. Neither age nor atopy had any effect on the total or differential cell counts. Conclusions: In the induced sputum of this healthy adult population, macrophages and neutrophils predominated. However, the proportion of neutrophils was lower than that reported in previous studies, which suggests that reference values might vary depending on geographic location.

 


Keywords: Sputum; Reference values; Brazil.

 


Reliability of a rapid hematology stain for sputum cytology

Confiabilidade da coloração hematológica rápida para citologia de escarro

Jéssica Gonçalves, Emilio Pizzichini, Marcia Margaret Menezes Pizzichini, Leila John Marques Steidle, Cristiane Cinara Rocha, Samira Cardoso Ferreira, Célia Tânia Zimmermann

J Bras Pneumol.2014;40(3):250-258

Abstract PDF PT PDF EN Portuguese Text

Objective: To determine the reliability of a rapid hematology stain for the cytological analysis of induced sputum samples. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study comparing the standard technique (May-Grünwald-Giemsa stain) with a rapid hematology stain (Diff-Quik). Of the 50 subjects included in the study, 21 had asthma, 19 had COPD, and 10 were healthy (controls). From the induced sputum samples collected, we prepared four slides: two were stained with May-Grünwald-Giemsa, and two were stained with Diff-Quik. The slides were read independently by two trained researchers blinded to the identification of the slides. The reliability for cell counting using the two techniques was evaluated by determining the intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs) for intraobserver and interobserver agreement. Agreement in the identification of neutrophilic and eosinophilic sputum between the observers and between the stains was evaluated with kappa statistics. Results: In our comparison of the two staining techniques, the ICCs indicated almost perfect interobserver agreement for neutrophil, eosinophil, and macrophage counts (ICC: 0.98-1.00), as well as substantial agreement for lymphocyte counts (ICC: 0.76-0.83). Intraobserver agreement was almost perfect for neutrophil, eosinophil, and macrophage counts (ICC: 0.96-0.99), whereas it was moderate to substantial for lymphocyte counts (ICC = 0.65 and 0.75 for the two observers, respectively). Interobserver agreement for the identification of eosinophilic and neutrophilic sputum using the two techniques ranged from substantial to almost perfect (kappa range: 0.91-1.00). Conclusions: The use of Diff-Quik can be considered a reliable alternative for the processing of sputum samples.

 


Keywords: Sputum\analysis; Sputum\cytology; Azure stains.

 


The Asthma Control Scoring System: Translation and cross-cultural adaptation for use in Brazil

Tradução e adaptação cultural do Asthma Control Scoring System (Sistema de Escore para Controle Abrangente da Asma) para uso no Brasil

Michelle Gonçalves de Souza Tavares, Márcia Margaret Menezes Pizzichini, Leila John Marques Steidle, Nazaré Otília Nazário, Cristiane Cinara Rocha, Maíra Chiaradia Perraro, Emílio Pizzichini

J Bras Pneumol.2010;36(6):683-692

Abstract PDF PT PDF EN Portuguese Text Appendix

Objective: The translation and cross-cultural adaptation of a specific scoring instrument for the comprehensive control of asthma, the Asthma Control Scoring System (ACSS), for use in Brazil. Methods: The protocol included ten steps: acquisition of written permission from the author of the ACSS; translation of the instrument to Brazilian Portuguese, carried out by three separate translators; analysis and comparison of the three versions by a review committee; literal back-translation to English; review and harmonization of the back-translation; acquisition of the approval of the original author; review of the translation by specialists; cognitive debriefing: test of clarity to, understanding by, and acceptance of the target population (evaluation of the translation by 10 health care workers); second cognitive debriefing: review of the revised version by a second group of health care workers; and reconciliation and preparation of the final version by the review committee. Results: The Brazilian Portuguese-language version of the ACSS showed clarity, understandability, and acceptability. The instrument was considered to be comprehensive because it includes the clinical manifestations of asthma, as well as the functional and inflammatory aspects of the disease. Conclusions: With the use of this careful methodology in the translation and cross-cultural adaptation of the ACSS, we have ensured its cultural adequacy for Brazil. The use of this instrument could facilitate future studies on asthma control.

 


Keywords: Asthma/classification; Asthma/prevention & control; Questionnaires.

 


 

 


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