Brazilian Journal of Pulmonology

ISSN (on-line): 1806-3756 | ISSN (printed): 1806-3713

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Year 2008 - Volume 34  - Number 7  (/July)






Original Article

2 - Development and assessment of a multimedia computer program to teach pleural drainage techniques

Desenvolvimento e avaliação de um programa multimídia de computador para ensino de drenagem pleural

João Aléssio Juliano Perfeito, Vicente Forte, Roseli Giudici, José Ernesto Succi, Jae Min Lee, Daniel Sigulem

J Bras Pneumol.2008;34(7):437-444

Abstract PDF PT PDF EN Portuguese Text

Objective: To develop a multimedia educational computer program designed to teach pleural drainage techniques to health professionals, as well as to evaluate its efficacy. Methods: We planned and developed a program, which was evaluated by 35 medical students, randomized into two groups. Group 1 comprised 18 students who studied using the program, and group 2 comprised 17 students who attended a traditional theoretical class given by an experienced teacher. Group 1 students were submitted to two subjective evaluations using questionnaires, and both groups took an objective theoretical test with multiple-choice questions and descriptive questions. The results of the theoretical test were compared using the Mann-Whitney test. Results: The subjective evaluation of the technological aspects and content of the program ranged from excellent to very good and good. The software was considered highly instructive by 16 students (88.9%), and 17 students (94.4%) thought it might partially substitute for traditional classes. Between the two groups, there was no significant difference in the multiple-choice test results, although there was such a difference in the descriptive question results (p < 0.001), group 1 students scoring higher than did those in group 2. Conclusions: The computer program developed at the Federal University of São Paulo Paulista School of Medicine proved to be a feasible means of teaching pleural drainage techniques. The subjective evaluation of this new teaching method revealed a high level of student satisfaction, and the objective evaluation showed that the program was as efficacious as is traditional instruction.

 


Keywords: Teaching; Thoracic surgery; Multimedia; Drainage; Pleural diseases.

 

3 - Effects of quercetin on bleomycin-induced lung injury: a preliminary study

Efeitos da quercetina na lesão pulmonar induzida por bleomicina: um estudo preliminar

José Antônio Baddini Martinez, Simone Gusmão Ramos, Mônica Souza Meirelles, Adalberto Valladas Verceze, Maurício Rodrigues de Arantes, Hélio Vannucchi

J Bras Pneumol.2008;34(7):445-452

Abstract PDF PT PDF EN Portuguese Text

Objective: To investigate the effects of quercetin in a model of bleomycin-induced pulmonary inflammation and fibrosis. Methods: Seventynine adult male hamsters were randomized to receive intratracheal (IT) instillations and intraperitoneal (IP) injections in four configurations: IP vehicle/IT saline (VS group, n = 16); IP quercetin/IT saline (QS group, n = 16); IP vehicle/IT bleomycin (VB group, n = 27); and IP quercetin/ IT bleomycin (QB group, n = 20). Quercetin and bleomycin were administered at 30 mg/kg/day and 10 U/kg, respectively. Quercetin was started/discontinued 3 days before/14 days after the IT instillations. Results: The mortality rate was significantly higher in the VB group than in the other groups (44% vs. VS: 0%; QS: 0%; and QB: 15%). Lung levels of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (× 10−2 nmol/mg) were significantly higher in the VB group (6.6 ± 1.3 vs. VS: 5.5 ± 0.8; QS: 2.5 ± 0.6; and QB: 5.8 ± 0.6). Lung levels of reduced glutathione (× 10−2 nmol/mg) were significantly lower in the VB/QB groups than in the VS/QS groups (28.9 ± 13.8/28.6 ± 14.8 vs. 43.9 ± 16.0/51.1 ± 20.3), whereas those of hydroxyproline (mg/g) were significantly higher (201.6 ± 37.3/177.6 ± 20.3 vs. 109.6 ± 26.1/117.5 ± 32.0).Mean lung septal thickness (μm) was greatest in the VB group (16.9 ± 3.2 vs. VS: 3.0 ± 0.3; QS: 3.3 ± 0.2; and QB: 5.2 ± 1.1). Conclusions: In a hamster model of lung injury, quercetin exhibited anti-inflammatory effects that are related, at least in part, to its antioxidant properties.

 


Keywords: Pulmonary fibrosis; Bleomycin; Flavonoids; Lipid peroxidation.

 

4 - Experimental models for assessment of pulmonary alterations in hepatopulmonary syndrome

Modelos experimentais para avaliação das alterações pulmonares na síndrome hepatopulmonar

Rafael Vercelino1, Juliana Tieppo, Luiz Albeto Forgiarini Junior, Alexandre Simões Dias, Claudio Augusto Marroni, Norma Possa Marroni

J Bras Pneumol.2008;34(7):453-460

Abstract PDF PT PDF EN Portuguese Text

Objective: The aim of this study was to identify the best experimental model in which to observe the pulmonary alterations characterizing hepatopulmonary syndrome (HPS). Methods: Male Wistar rats, with mean weight of 250 g, were used in four experimental models: inhaled carbon tetrachloride; intraperitoneal carbon tetrachloride; partial portal vein ligation; and bile duct ligation (BDL). The animals in all groups were divided into control and experimental subgroups. The following variables were measured: transaminase levels; blood gases; lipoperoxidation, using thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) and chemiluminescence; and levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD) anti-oxidant activity. Anatomopathological examination of the lung was also performed. Results: There were statistically significant differences between the BDL control and BDL experimental groups: aspartate aminotransferase (105.3 ± 43 vs. 500.5 ± 90.3 IU/L); alanine aminotransferase (78.75 ± 37.7 vs. 162.75 ± 35.4 IU/L); alkaline phosphatase (160 ± 20.45 vs. 373.25 ± 45.44 IU/L); arterial oxygen tension (85.25 ± 8.1 vs. 49.9 ± 22.5 mmHg); and oxygen saturation (95 ± 0.7 vs. 73.3 ± 12.07%). Lipoperoxidation and antioxidant activity also differed significantly between the two BDL groups (control vs. experimental): TBARS (0.87 ± 0.3 vs. 2.01 ± 0.9 nmol/mg protein); chemiluminescence (16008.41 ± 1171.45 vs. 20250.36 ± 827.82 cps/mg protein); and SOD (6.66 ± 1.34 vs. 16.06 ± 2.67 IU/mg protein). The anatomopathological examination confirmed pulmonary vasodilatation in the BDL model. In the other models, there were no alterations that were characteristic of HPS. Conclusions: The data obtained suggest that the BDL model can be used in future studies involving hepatic alterations related to oxidative stress and HPS.

 


Keywords: Hepatopulmonary syndrome; Lung; Oxidative stress; Rats.

 

5 - Chronic bacterial infection and echocardiographic parameters indicative of pulmonary hypertension in patients with cystic fibrosis

Infecção bacteriana crônica e indicadores ecocardiográficos de hipertensão pulmonar em pacientes com fibrose cística

Paula Maria Eidt Rovedder, Bruna Ziegler, Lilian Rech Pasin, Antônio Fernando Furlan Pinotti, Sérgio Saldanha Menna Barreto, Paulo de Tarso Roth Dalcin

J Bras Pneumol.2008;34(7):461-467

Abstract PDF PT PDF EN Portuguese Text

Objectives: To examine the relationship between chronic bacterial infection and pulmonary hypertension, using Doppler echocardiography, in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). Methods: A prospective cross-sectional study involving CF patients (≥ 16 years of age) admitted to a program for adults with the disease. The study included 40 patients with a mean age of 23.7 ± 6.3 years. Patients were submitted to clinical evaluation, Doppler echocardiography, pulmonary function tests, chest X-rays and sputum cultures of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Burkholderia cepacia. Results: In terms of the following variables, no significant differences were found between P. aeruginosapositive patients and P. aeruginosa-negative patients: clinical score (p = 0.472); forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1; p = 0.693); radiological score (p = 0.760); tricuspid regurgitant jet velocity (TRV, p = 0.330); diameter of the right ventricle (DRV, p = 0.191); and right ventricular/pulmonary artery (RV/PA) systolic acceleration time (SAT, p = 0.330). B. cepacia-positive patients presented significantly lower FEV1 than did B. cepacia-negative patients (p = 0.011). No significant differences were found between B. cepacia-positive patients and B. cepacia-negative patients regarding the following variables: clinical score (p = 0.080); radiological score (p = 0.760); TRV (p = 0.613); DRV (p = 0.429); and RV/PA SAT (p = 0.149). Conclusions: Chronic infection with P. aeruginosa or B. cepacia presented no association with pulmonary hypertension in adult CF patients. Pulmonary function was worse in B. cepacia-positive patients than in P. aeruginosa-positive patients.

 


Keywords: Cystic fibrosis; Bacterial infections; Hypertension, pulmonary; Echocardiography, Doppler.

 

6 - Airflow limitation in brazilian caucasians: FEV1/FEV6 vs. FEV1/FVC

Limitação ao fluxo aéreo em brasileiros da raça branca: VEF1/VEF6 vs. VEF1/CVF

André Luis Pinto Soares, Sílvia Carla Sousa Rodrigues, Carlos Alberto de Castro Pereira

J Bras Pneumol.2008;34(7):468-472

Abstract PDF PT PDF EN Portuguese Text

Objective: To evaluate the use of the forced expiratory volume in one second/forced expiratory volume in six seconds (FEV1/FEV6) ratio as an alternative to the FEV1/forced vital capacity (FVC) ratio in the detection of mild airway obstruction. Methods: Reference equations for the Brazilian population in 2006 were used in order to determine the lower limits of normality for the FEV1/FEV6 and FEV1/FVC ratios. The spirometry findings of 155 patients from 20 to 84 years of age were analyzed. All of the patients presented the following: a < 15% difference between predicted and observed FEV1/FVC ratio; an FEV1 ≥ 60% of predicted; and an exhalation time of at least 6 s. The Brazilian Thoracic Society criteria for acceptability and reproducibility in spirometry were met. Results: Mean values (± SD) for FEV1/FEV6 and FEV1/FVC were 73 ± 4% and 75 ± 3%, respectively. Using the FEV1/FVC ratio, we identified airflow obstruction in 61 patients, compared with only 46 patients when we used the FEV1/FEV6 ratio, showing a sensitivity of 75% (p < 0.001). Conclusions: The FEV1/FEV6 ratio has poor sensitivity and should not be used to replace the FEV1/FVC ratio in the diagnosis of mild airway obstruction.

 


Keywords: Forced expiratory volume; Vital capacity; Airway obstruction; Spirometry; Respiratory function tests.

 

7 - Value of [18F]-FDG-PET/CT as a predictor of cancer in solitary pulmonary nodule

Valor do FDG[18F]-PET/TC como preditor de câncer em nódulo pulmonar solitário

Rafael de Castro Martins, Sérgio Altino de Almeida, Antônio Alexandre de Oliveira Siciliano, Maria Carolina Pinheiro Pessoa Landesmann, Fabrício Braga da Silva, Carlos Alberto de Barros Franco, Lea Mirian Barbosa da Fonseca

J Bras Pneumol.2008;34(7):473-480

Abstract PDF PT PDF EN Portuguese Text

Objective: To determine the diagnostic accuracy of positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) using fluorine- 18‑deoxyglucose ([18F]-FDG) for the evaluation of a solitary pulmonary nodule (SPN). Methods: Prospective analysis of 53 consecutive patients submitted to PET/CT between March 2005 and May 2007 for the evaluation of an SPN. Of those, 32 met the criteria for inclusion in the present study. The lesions were evaluated for location, size, radiotracer uptake and maximum standardized uptake value (SUV). The FDG-PET/CT results were correlated with other predictors of malignancy (age, gender, smoking status, nodule size and nodule location). The definitive diagnosis was established through histopathology or through clinical/radiological follow-up for at least one year. Results: Fourteen malignant SPNs were found. Through analysis of the receiver operating characteristic curve, we established an SUV of 2.5 as the most appropriate cut-off point, since it correctly identified 13 of the 14 malignant SPNs. The results below that point revealed one false positive for neoplasia out of a total of 14. The semiquantitative method presented a sensitivity of 92.9%, specificity of 72.2%, positive predictive value of 72.2%, negative predictive value of 92.9% and accuracy of 81.2%. The multivariate analysis showed a statistically significant association with SPN malignancy only for nodule location in the upper lobes (p = 0.048) and SUV (p = 0.007). Conclusions: The results obtained suggest that the SUV of [18F]-FDG is a useful predictor of neoplasia in SPN, with a high negative predictive value, which allows malignancy to be safely ruled out, showing its relevance in the diagnostic approach to pulmonary nodules.

 


Keywords: Positron-emission tomography; Coin lesion, pulmonary; Lung neoplasms.

 

8 - Reversal of digital clubbing in surgically treated lung cancer patients

Regressão do hipocratismo digital em pacientes com câncer de pulmão tratados cirurgicamente

José da Silva Moreira, Marlene Hass, Ana Luiza Schneider Moreira, James de Freitas Fleck, José de Jesus Peixoto Camargo

J Bras Pneumol.2008;34(7):481-489

Abstract PDF PT PDF EN Portuguese Text

Objective: To objectively evaluate the reversal of digital clubbing (DC) in a series of surgically treated lung cancer patients, and to review the literature on the subject. Methods: Sixty-one patients with non-small cell lung cancer-40 with and 21 without DC-were treated by pulmonary resection. Eleven (18%) received additional postoperative radiation therapy. Preoperatively, as well as on postoperative days 7, 18, and 90, the hyponychial angle (HA) and the distal phalangeal depth/interphalangeal depth (DPD/IPD) ratio were determined on profile shadow projections of the index fingers. A review of the literature on reversal of DC (1954-2007) was also performed. Results: From the preoperative period to postoperative day 90, HA decreased from 200.5 ± 5.0° to 193.3 ± 6.8° (p < 0.001), and the DPD/IPD ratio decreased from 1.014 ± 0.051 mm to 0.956 ± 0.045 mm (p < 0.001) in the group of 40 patients with DC. The HA and the DPD/IPD ratio decreased in 33 (82.5%) but remained the same in 7 (1.7%), 6 with unfavorable evolution. In the 21 patients without DC, HA (184.5 ± 5.5°) and the DPD/IPD ratio (0.937 ± 0.046 mm) remained unchanged after surgery. In the literature (1954-2007), we found 52 cases, 5 of which were lung cancer cases, in which reversal of DC, observed in several clinical conditions, was explicitly reported. Conclusion: In most lung cancer patients, DC resolves after effective surgical treatment of the tumor, as can occur in patients with other conditions.

 


Keywords: Osteoarthropathy, secondary hypertrophic; Lung neoplasms; Pulmonary surgical procedures.

 

9 - Obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome: association with gender, obesity and sleepiness-related factors

Síndrome das apnéias-hipopnéias obstrutivas do sono: associação com gênero e obesidade e fatores relacionados à sonolência

Marli Maria Knorst, Fábio José Fabrício de Barros Souza, Denis Martinez

J Bras Pneumol.2008;34(7):490-496

Abstract PDF PT PDF EN Portuguese Text

Objective: To study the effects that gender and obesity have on excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) in individuals with obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS), as well as to identify factors associated with EDS in such individuals. Methods: A total of 300 consecutive patients who completed the clinical evaluation satisfactorily and whose polysomnography showed an apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) > 10 events/hour of sleep were selected from a sleep clinic population for inclusion in the study. Results: Mean age was 47 ± 11 years, and mean AHI was 52.1 ± 29.2 events/hour of sleep. Females presented higher mean age, lower EDS scores and less time in apnea . Mean EDS score was 14.7 ± 7.2. The EDS score correlated best with body movements (r = 0.43; p < 0.01), respiratory events during sleep (r = 0.40; p < 0.01), duration of apnea (r = 0.40; p < 0.01), peripheral oxygen saturation (SpO2; r = -0.38; p < 0.01) and AHI (r = 0.37; p < 0.01). Mean body mass index (BMI) was 30.2 ± 5.3 kg/m2. Overweight, obesity and morbid obesity were observed in 41, 44 and 5.3% of cases, respectively. Disease severity correlated most strongly with BMI (r = 0.51; p < 0.01). Conclusions: Higher mean age, lower EDS scores and less time spent in sleep apnea time in apnea were associated with being female. Fragmented sleep, number/duration of respiratory events during sleep, SpO2 levels and obesity were associated with sleepiness. The BMI had a significant effect on OSAHS severity.

 


Keywords: Sleep apnea, obstructive; Sleep apnea syndromes; Polysomnography; Sleep stages; Obesity.

 

10 - Lung donor profile in the state of São Paulo, Brazil, in 2006

Perfil do doador de pulmão disponibilizado no estado de São Paulo, Brasil, em 2006

Paulo Manuel Pêgo Fernandes, Marcos Naoyuki Samano, Jader Joel Machado Junqueira, Daniel Reis Waisberg, Gustavo Sousa Noleto, Fabio Biscegli Jatene

J Bras Pneumol.2008;34(7):497-505

Abstract PDF PT PDF EN Portuguese Text

Objective: To analyze the rate at which lungs available for transplantation in the state of São Paulo in 2006 were utilized and to determine the lung donor profile in the same period. Methods: A retrospective study of 497 clinical charts of lung tissue donors from January to December of 2006. Results: According to the clinical charts, lungs were not offered for transplant in 149 cases (30%), which were therefore excluded from the study. Among the 348 lung donors eligible for inclusion in the study, the mean age was 37.4 ± 16.1 years, and 56.9% were males. The main causes of brain death among the donors were stroke (in 40.5%), skull-brain trauma (in 34.2%) and subarachnoid hemorrhage (in 10.9%). The great majority of these lung donors (90.5%) received vasoactive agents, and 13.5% presented cardiopulmonary arrest. The mean donor leukocyte count was 15,008 ± 6,467 cells/mm3, 67.8% of the donors received anti-bacterial agents, and 26.1% presented lung infection. Nearly 40% of the lung donors presented chest X-ray abnormalities. Only 4.9% of the lung donors were accepted, representing 28 lungs (allograft utilization rate of 4%). The causes for donor exclusion were gas exchange alterations (in 30.1%), infection (in 23.7%) and distance (in 10.9%). Conclusions: The lung utilization rate in the state of São Paulo is low when compared to mean rates worldwide. In addition, more than half of the donor pool was excluded due to altered gas exchange or pulmonary infection. The combination of better care of the potential donor and more flexible selection criteria could increase allograft utilization.

 


Keywords: Lung transplantation; Donor selection; Tissue donors.

 

11 - Directly observed therapy using home-based supervisors for treating tuberculosis in Vitória, Brazil

Tratamento supervisionado em pacientes portadores de tuberculose utilizando supervisores domiciliares em Vitória, Brasil

Ethel Leonor Noia Maciel, Ana Paula Silva, Waleska Meireles, Karina Fiorotti, David Jamil Hadad, Reynaldo Dietze

J Bras Pneumol.2008;34(7):506-513

Abstract PDF PT PDF EN Portuguese Text

Objective: To evaluate the use of family members as supervisors of directly observed therapy (DOT) in patients with tuberculosis.Methods: This was a prospective descriptive study involving patients diagnosed with pulmonary tuberculosis. The sample comprised 98 patients. A standardized protocol was implemented in order to train the patient and their families. After the training, the patient was allowed to choose either a family member or a health care worker as a supervisor. Absolute and relative frequencies were used in descriptive data analysis. Results: A family member supervisor was chosen by 94 patients (96%). The cure rate was 99%. The partner was chosen by 49% of the patients, and other family members were chosen by 28%. The heath care team needed to take over DOT in 3% of the cases. Regular attendance at follow-up appointments was 67%. It was observed that 24% of the problems in this DOT model referred to the family supervisor forgetting to administer the medication or to the patient forgetting to take it; 39% of the patients forgot to take the medication for one day, and 31% forgot to take it for two days. There was change of supervisor in 9% of the sample, medication was lost by the patient sometime during treatment in 9%, and patient drug intolerance occurred in 8%. Conclusions: DOT supervised by a family member has proven an effective and low-cost technique. However, compliance is not due to one single factor but to the combination of strategies adopted: bus passes; educational measures and especially the individualized approach.

 


Keywords: Directly observed therapy; Tuberculosis; Patient compliance.

 

Review Article

12 - Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency: diagnosis and treatment

Deficiência de alfa-1 antitripsina: diagnóstico e tratamento

Aquiles A Camelier, Daniel Hugo Winter, José Roberto Jardim, Carlos Eduardo Galvão Barboza, Alberto Cukier, Marc Miravitlles

J Bras Pneumol.2008;34(7):514-527

Abstract PDF PT PDF EN Portuguese Text

Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency is a recently identified genetic disease that occurs almost as frequently as cystic fibrosis. It is caused by various mutations in the SERPINA1 gene, and has numerous clinical implications. Alpha-1 antitrypsin is mainly produced in the liver and acts as an antiprotease. Its principal function is to inactivate neutrophil elastase, preventing tissue damage. The mutation most commonly associated with the clinical disease is the Z allele, which causes polymerization and accumulation within hepatocytes. The accumulation of and the consequent reduction in the serum levels of alpha-1 antitrypsin cause, respectively, liver and lung disease, the latter occurring mainly as early emphysema, predominantly in the lung bases. Diagnosis involves detection of low serum levels of alpha-1 antitrypsin as well as phenotypic confirmation. In addition to the standard treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, specific therapy consisting of infusion of purified alpha-1 antitrypsin is currently available. The clinical efficacy of this therapy, which appears to be safe, has yet to be definitively established, and its cost-effectiveness is also a controversial issue that is rarely addressed. Despite its importance, in Brazil, there are no epidemiological data on the prevalence of the disease or the frequency of occurrence of deficiency alleles. Underdiagnosis has also been a significant limitation to the study of the disease as well as to appropriate treatment of patients. It is hoped that the creation of the Alpha One International Registry will resolve these and other important issues.

 


Keywords: alpha 1-antitrypsin; Emphysema; Pulmonary disease, chronic obstructive.

 

Case Report

13 - Primary tracheobronchial amyloidosis

Amiloidose traqueobrônquica primária

Gustavo Chatkin, Mauríco Pipkin, José Antonio Figueiredo Pinto, Vinicius Duval da Silva, José Miguel Chatkin

J Bras Pneumol.2008;34(7):528-531

Abstract PDF PT PDF EN Portuguese Text

Amyloidosis is a disease characterized by extracellular deposition of fibrillar protein in organs and tissues. Primary tracheal amyloidosis is rare. We report here a case of a 55-year-old man with tracheal amyloidosis hospitalized for acute respiratory insufficiency and with a history of recent episodes of pneumonia. Chest X-ray and chest computed tomography showed tracheal obstruction due to a tumor. A passage was created in order to relieve the symptoms. Histological examination (Congo red staining) revealed amyloid deposits but no evidence of neoplasia. Although this is a rare clinical condition, its importance is discussed regarding the differential diagnosis of tracheal tumors and the repercussions for therapeutic decision-making.

 


Keywords: Amyloidosis; Respiratory insufficiency; Congo red; Airway obstruction.

 

14 - Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension: diagnostic limitations

Hipertensão pulmonar associada ao tromboembolismo pulmonar crônico: limitações diagnósticas

Bruno Arantes Dias, Carlos Jardim, André Hovnanian, Caio Júlio César Fernandes, Rogério Souza

J Bras Pneumol.2008;34(7):532-536

Abstract PDF PT PDF EN Portuguese Text

Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension is the only potentially curable form of pulmonary hypertension, assuming that surgical treatment is possible. However, there are hindrances to making a definitive, noninvasive diagnosis. We present the case of a 40-year-old female patient with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension, confirmed in 1994. This patient developed thrombi in pulmonary vessels (as an overlap syndrome) mimicking chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension. The identification of these conditions, which present high intraoperative mortality and unsatisfactory surgical resolution, is quite difficult in clinical practice. We discuss the current approach to candidate selection for surgical treatment of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension and the possible repercussions of inappropriate selection.

 


Keywords: Hypertension, pulmonary/diagnosis; Hypertension, pulmonary/therapy; Pulmonary embolism; Endarterectomy.

 

15 - Mitral valve obstruction by tumor embolus as a cause of irreversible cardiac arrest during right pneumonectomy

Obstrução de valva mitral por embolização tumoral per-operatória (pneumectomia direita) com parada cardíaca irreversível

Rui Haddad, Carlos Henrique Ribeiro Boasquevisque, Tadeu Diniz Ferreira, Mario Celso Martins Reis, Fernando D'Imperio Teixeira

J Bras Pneumol.2008;34(7):537-540

Abstract PDF PT PDF EN Portuguese Text

A 26-year-old patient with a voluminous primary pulmonary hemangiopericytoma in the right lung, diagnosed through previous surgical biopsy, presented irreversible cardiac arrest during the hilar dissection portion of a right pneumonectomy. The patient did not respond to resuscitation efforts. Autopsy showed total obstruction of the mitral valve by a tumor embolism. In cases of large lung masses with hilar involvement, as in the case presented, we recommend preoperative evaluation using transesophageal echocardiography, magnetic resonance imaging or angiotomography. If injury to the pulmonary vessels or atrial cavities is detected, surgery with extracorporeal circulation should be arranged in order to allow resection of the intravascular or cardiac mass, together with pulmonary resection. We recommend that care be taken in order to recognize and treat this problem in patients not receiving a preoperative diagnosis.

 


Keywords: Embolism; Heart arrest; Pneumonectomy.

 

Letters to the Editor

16 - Surgical treatment of pleural empyema in children

O tratamento cirúrgico do empiema pleural em crianças

Cristiano Feijó Andrade, Helena Teresinha Mocelin, Gilberto Bueno Fischer

J Bras Pneumol.2008;34(7):541-544

PDF PT PDF EN Portuguese Text


 


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